The Bible and Sun Tzu's "Art of War"
The second of Sun Tzu's 13 Chapters, "Waging War," begins thus:
That was doubtless good advice in China 2500 years ago; it wouldn't work too well for any modern army today - not just as written. However, if we see how this advice fits in Sun Tzu's world, the universal principles expressed in these time-bound particulars will be as applicable as those stated in more universal terms.
For instance, these opening words of the first chapter, "Estimates" or "Calculations," applies today without change:
And especially so, Li Ch'uan's comment:
It struck me the last time I read this that it gives guidance on how to read the Bible. For instance, the advice in 1 Corinthians 11 that a woman's head should be covered was written to people in Corinth, where at that time women without veils were prostitutes showing their wares. That's not how it is in most places in the world today. Where it is, it applies, but elsewhere, the principle will apply with different specifics, just as Sun Tzu writing today would not advise going to war with one thousand fast four-horse chariots.